A fungusthat does not assault timber, but protects it. It seems weird, however it is feasible. A brand-new study shows that black fungis on fueled oil wood can behave like a 'biofinish'. This layer colors the wood as well as secures it from wood rot and also deterioration by sunlight. An extra benefit: the fungus immediately repairs damage in the safety layer.
This is an examination bed of timber panels on the roofing system of the Westerdijk Institute in The Netherlands.
Debt: Martin Meijer.
A fungus that does not strike timber, yet protects it. It seems strange, but it is possible. Elke van Nieuwenhuijzen will be receiving her doctorate next Wednesday 7 November at Eindhoven University of Innovation for her research study of black fungi on oiled timber that act like a 'biofinish'. This layer shades the timber as well as safeguards it from timber rot and deterioration by sunlight. An added advantage: the fungi immediately repairs damage in the protective layer.
The exploration had currently been made practically 20 years earlier, by coincidence, by researcher Michael Sailer who examined whether grease can save wood. He found that pieces of coniferous wood impregnated with linseed oil and hemp oil transformed black after being subjected to wind and also climate. But the blemished timber did not become soft, like rotten timber, it remained hard. The timber was potentially protected by the black layer, which the microscopic lense revealed to be fungi.
Elke van Nieuwenhuijzen has now completely examined the natural fungal make-up of these layers. She was overseen by, to name a few, mycologists from the Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity Institute in Utrecht. Outdoors, she laid planks of three types of wood (spruce, yearn, ilomba), impregnated with 3 types of oil (olive oil, crude linseed oil, stand oil). The fungi after that formed immediately as well as on some planks formed a nontransparent black layer. She did the exact same in Norway.
Olive oil worked best in the Netherlands, creating a nontransparent black safety layer for all three kinds of timber. Unrefined linseed oil on ache also worked well. In Norway, the photo was generally the exact same, yet it took longer for the layer to totally cover the planks. Van Nieuwenhuijzen thinks that this is due to the chillier climate.
The impact of the protective layer partly arises from the staining: the black layer obstructs UV light, and hence stops destruction. Van Nieuwenhuijzen additionally believes that the dark pigmeneted fungis, as a result of their abundant presence, do not offer any type of opportunity to wood-destroying fungis. That oil drives away water is most likely useful for thedark pigmented fungis. Water then depends on beads on the timber, which is where the fungi flourishes.
One of the fungi that was always found was of the category Aureobasidium. Evidently it thrives in all sort of weather problems. Exactly how the fungi makes it through and what it lives from is not yet entirely clear. Elke: 'It's an enigmatic fungus. It develops in several ways. Sometimes it acts like a yeast, occasionally it creates threads, often it turns black, often it doesn't, you can state it is a type of Barbapapa.'.
The PhD pupil does not encourage individuals to treat their outside timber with olive oil themselves. Her study concerned timber impregnated with oil, or penetrated. She does expect it to function, however, if the oil is applied with a brush, but it can take months and also often even years prior to the black places have actually expanded together into a covering layer, especially in sheltered areas.
Materials provided by Eindhoven University of Technology.